Role of Technology – Meaningful Learning

Roles for Technologies in Supporting Meaningful Learning
(Howland, Jonassen, & Marra, 2012, p. 7-8)

Technology as tools to support knowledge construction:

  • for representing learners’ ideas, understandings, and beliefs
  • for producing organized, multimedia knowledge bases by learners

Technology as information vehicle for exploring knowledge to support learning by constructing:

  • for accessing needed information
  • for comparing perspectives, beliefs, and worldviews

Technology as authentic context to support learning by doing:

  • for representing and simulating meaningful real-world problems, situations, and contexts
  • for representing beliefs, perspectives, arguments, and stories of others
  • for defining a safe, controllable problem space for student thinking

Technology as social medium to support learning by conversing:

  • for collaborating with others
  • for discussing, arguing, and building consensus among members of a community
  • for supporting discourse among knowledge-building communities

Technology as intellectual partner (Jonassen, 2000a) to support learning by reflecting:

  • for helping learners to articulate and represent what they know
  • for reflecting on what they have learned and how they came to know it
  • for supporting learners’ internal negotiations and meaning making
  • for constructing personal representations of meaning
  • for supporting mindful thinking
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